Setup a Webspace

In this chapter we will have a look at webspaces. Therefore we will create a configuration for a basic website. This will result in a single portal website with multiple localizations.

As already described in the section before, a webspace also creates a new content tree. These trees are accessible by the navigation in the Sulu administration interface. Sulu allows you to create pages and sub pages in these trees and fill them with content. Have a closer look at Creating a Page Template for more details on the content management process.

Normally you’ll create a webspace for a new website, a landingpage or a portal, that should run on your Sulu instance.

The following file shows a configuration. These lines will be explained in the following paragraphs.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<webspace xmlns=""


    <security permission-check="true">

        <localization language="en"/>

        <default-template type="page">example</default-template>
        <default-template type="homepage">default</default-template>

        <template type="search">search/search</template>
        <template type="error">error/error</template>


            <context key="main">
                    <title lang="en">Mainnavigation</title>

        <segment key="w" default="true">
                <title lang="en">Winter</title>
                <title lang="de">Winter</title>
        <segment key="s" default="false">
                <title lang="en">Summer</title>
                <title lang="de">Sommer</title>



                <environment type="prod">
                        <url language="en"></url>
                <environment type="dev">
                        <url language="en">example.lo</url>


If you want to match all hosts you can use the {host} placeholder. Example: <url>{host}/{localization}</url>


If you add a webspace to an existing installation you also have to set the correct permissions for existing users, otherwise they won’t be able to see it.

As you probably already have encountered, the root tag for our webspace definition is webspace. Afterwards you see a name, which is displayed in the administration interface. But even more important is the key, which is used internally to generate some files and define some paths. Therefore it is really important that the webspace key is unique across all webspaces in a single installation.

Security (optional)

The security tag allows to define a separate security system in its system tag. The security system will then be added as a possible option to choose for the system of a user role. With this relation it is possible to create roles specific to the Webspace’s security system (see Securing your application for more information about security systems).

If the permission-check attribute of the security tag is set to true, Sulu will automatically check if the current user has access to see the requested page. It will also make sure that no pages are listed in the website’s navigation or in smart contents, if the user does not have the necessary permissions.


Make sure caching is set up correctly if you use the security feature with the permission-check flag set to true. The caching will only work if you have configured the User context caching.


In the localizations-tag you can list all the available localizations in this webspace. In the example we are simply adding the English language, but you can also define country specific language if you add a country attribute to the localization, so for instance the following tag would add Austrian German to the available localizations:

<localization language="de" country="at" />

For a more complete explanation you should have a look at Adding localizations.

Themes (optional)

The theme is described by a key. This key leads to a certain theme, implemented by a developer in the system. If you use multiple webspaces, which should have a different look and feel, you can easily accomplish this with the SuluThemeBundle. Read more about the installation and usage in the bundle documentation.


The webspace can also define certain templates in combination with a type. These templates can then be retrieved from the webspace. E.g. Sulu uses them to retrieve the correct templates for errors. Therefore it makes use of the template with type error-<http-code> respectively it uses the template with the type error as a fallback. The other use case is the search. Sulu will use the template with the type search from the webspace to display search results.

Excluded templates (optional)

The excluded-templates node defines which of the templates (the ones described in Creating a Page Template) should be excluded in the template dropdown of the page form. The entire node is optional, since especially if you only have a single webspace this setting does not make a lot of sense.

Segments (optional)

For some website it makes sense to be displayed in multiple different segments. A segment is defined in the above segments tag and the main part is giving the segment a key. Additionally a title for the segment to be displayed in the UI is defined.

One of the segments must be set as the default. That’s the segment a visitor sees when visiting the website for the very first time. The visitor can switch to a different segment in a similar way they can switch the localization. The current segment will be stored in a cookie. Sulu also takes care of the cookie when caching the website.

After configuring segments for a webspace the segments can be assigned to pages in their “Excerpt & Taxonomies” tab. A page will then be hidden in navigation and smart contents if the page has a segment assigned and another segment is currently set for the visitor.

Resource-Locator (optional)

The URL of a page consists of the configured base URL of the webspace and a page-specific resource-locator. If the resource-locator of a page is changed, Sulu will automatically redirect old URLs to the new URL per default. A webspace can set a strategy for managing the resource-locator of its pages.

The default strategy is tree_leaf_edit, which means that the generated resource-locator of a page includes all ancestors in the content tree, but only the last part will be editable. If the resource-locator of a page is changed, this strategy will also update the resource-locator of all child pages.

The alternative tree_full_edit strategy also includes all ancestors when generating the resource-locator, but it allows to edit the whole resource-locator afterwards. If the resource-locator of a page is changed, this strategy does not update the resource-locator of the child pages.


A webspace can itself consist of multiple portals. In our simple configuration file we make use of only one portal. The idea is that the same content can be shared among different portals and URLs. The portals can then also define for themselves in which localization they publish the content, so that you can spread different localizations over different URLs.

Our sample file defines just one portal, which includes a name and a key just as the webspace, whereby the key for the portal hast to be unique for the entire installation, not only within this webspace.


The most important part of the portal configuration are the environments, because they are including the URLs for the portal. A portal can have multiple environments, which have to match the environments defined in Symfony. Usually dev, stage and prod are available. Each environment can define its own set of URLs.


Please consider that you have to omit the port in the configuration. The system will work with any port, so you don’t have to name it in the configuration.

The URLs also have to include the localization somehow. You have two possibilities to do so:

Fixing an URL to a specific localization

The above example shows this possibility, where you fix one URL to exactly one localization. The following fragment shows again how to this:

<url language="de" country="at"></url>

Since it is possible to define localizations without a country, this attribute is also optional here. However, the combination of language and country here must result in an existing localization.

Using placeholders in the URL definition

Another possibility is to create the URL with a placeholder. Have a look at the following line for an example:


Placeholder are expressions in curly braces, which will be expanded to every possible value. For the above example that means, that an URL for every localization defined will be generated. So if you have a localization de-at and en-us, the system will create URLs for and

In the following table all the possible placeholders are listed, and explains the values of them by using the de-at-localization:



Example for de-at


The name of the entire localization



The name of the language



The name of the country, only makes sense in combination with {language}